Professor Adler teaches a course on Israeli Politics at the University of Toronto at the undergraduate level. The course’s syllabus can be found below or can be downloaded here.

Course Information


Israelis probably are among the few peoples in the world who, even after several generations of independent existence, still ask: "who were we?," "who are we?," "who is we?," "what are we?, "where are we?," and "who will we become?" Attempting to show why this is so, this course introduces students to Israeli politics, society, institutions and political practice from the distinctive perspective of the development of Israeli identity (identities). Special attention will be given to the sources of Israeli identity, the main players involved in its politics, and the role of regional war and the peace process in its development and inner conflicts. In particular, the course will trace the construction of Israeli identity, starting from the early times of Zionism and ending with the contemporary identity conflicts over the failed Oslo peace process with the Palestinians and the recent Intifada. I will try to show that there is a direct connection between Zionist constituting ideologies, the nature of Israel's institutions and society, and the split soul of Israeli identity.


A review paper (20%) on Yael Zerubavel’s book Recovered Roots (maximum 5 pages, double space), which is due on November 18, 2015; a mid-term paper (30%) on the origins of Israeli political and social institutions (maximum 10 pages, double space), which is due on March 9, 2016 and two exams (25% each) at the end of the fall and winter semesters. The mid-term exam and the final exam's dates will be determined by the Faculty of Arts and Science. Excluding medical emergencies, no late assignments will be accepted.


Course announcements and information will be posted in the "Blackboard," at U of T's Portal site:

The "Blackboard" also allows communication between instructors and students.

We will be happy to receive, and answer to, your personal e-mail messages, as long as you use e-mail judiciously and sparingly

Plagiarism and

According to U of T's Code of Behavior on Academic Matters:  "It shall be an offence for a student knowingly: (d) to represent as one’s own any idea or expression of an idea or work of another in any academic examination or term test or in connection with any other form of academic work, i.e. to commit plagiarism….(e) to submit, without the knowledge and approval of the instructor to whom it is submitted, any academic work for which credit has previously been obtained or is being sought in another course or program of study in the University or elsewhere."

Plagiarism will not be tolerated and all cases of plagiarism will be sent to the Dean's Office for appropriate action. For further information on University of Toronto’s policy regarding plagiarism you may look at

Normally, students will be required to submit their course essays to for review of textual similarity and detection of possible plagiarism students.  In doing so, students will allow their essays to be included as source documents in the database, where they will be used solely for the purpose of detecting plagiarism.  The terms that apply to the University’s use of the service are described on the website.

If, as a student, you object to using, please see the course instructor to establish appropriate alternative arrangements for submission of your written assignments. These arrangements will include some or all of the following: submission of drafts, rough work and notes; submission of photocopies of sources along with call numbers and web site addresses of sources cited in the paper; a personal meeting with the Instructor. 

Students are strongly advised to keep rough and draft work and hard copies of their essays and assignments before handing in to These should be kept until the marked assignments have been returned.

Late Penalty Policy

No late penalty. All students are required to hand in their essays by the due date, except under extreme and critical health or family circumstances, in which case documentation is an absolute necessity.

Accessibility Needs

The University of Toronto is committed to accessibility. If you require accommodations for a disability, or have any accessibility concerns about the course, the classroom or course materials, please contact Accessibility Services as soon as possible: or

Accommodation for Religious Observances

It is the policy of the University of Toronto to arrange reasonable accommodation of the needs of students who observe religious holy days other than those already accommodated by ordinary scheduling and statutory holidays.

Students have a responsibility to alert members of the teaching staff in a timely fashion to upcoming religious observances and anticipated absences. Instructors will make every reasonable effort to avoid scheduling tests, examinations or other compulsory activities at these times. If compulsory activities are unavoidable, every reasonable opportunity should be given to these students to make up work that they miss, particularly in courses involving laboratory work. When the scheduling of tests or examinations cannot be avoided, students should be informed of the procedure to be followed to arrange to write at an alternate time.

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Course Topics and Readings

Required Bibliography

The required readings are available in one or more of the following formats:

  1. An online reading on the POL345 blackboard page
  2. The course pack – can be purchased at U of T bookstore
  3. The course reserves desk at Robarts library.
  4. U of T bookstore – there are few books that students are advised to purchase.


Required books to purchase

Adam Garfinkle, Politics and Society in Modern Israel, Second Edition (Armonk, New York: Sharpe, 2000).

Adam Shindler, A History of Modern Israel, Second Edition (E-Textbook, Amazon Digital Services 2013).

Laurence J. Silberstein, The Postzionist Debates: Knowledge and Power in Israeli Culture (New York and London: Routledge, 1999).

Yael Zerubavel, Recovered Roots: Collective Memory and the Making of Israeli National Tradition (Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1995).

Yaron Ezrahi, Rubber Bullets: Power and Conscience in Modern Israel (Berkeley and London: University of California Press, 1997) University of Toronto Press Reprint.

Guy Ben-Porat, Yagil Levy, Shlomo Mizrahi, Arye Naor, Erez Tzfadia, Israel Since 1980 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008).

Emanuel Adler, ed. Israel in the World (New York and London: Routledge, 2013).


Recommended Books

Israel Broadcasting Authority, “Tkuma – The Rebirth of Israel” A New Six Hour Modern History of Israel,” 1999.

Mitchell G. Bard and David Nachmias, Israel Studies: An Anthology. Free Online Studies Textbook at:—>Publications—>Israeli Studies: An Anthology.



BS – The reading is available at U of T Book Store

R – The reading is available at the course reserves desk at Robarts Library

C – The reading is available at the course pack

@ – The reading is available on pol345 blackboard page



1- “Under Construction”: Israeli Identity/Identities

September 16, 2015

[BS] Garfinkle, chapter 1 and 2.

Recommended Readings:

Gideon Shimoni, The Zionist Ideology (Hanover: Brandeis University Press, 1995), 3-11.

September 23, 2015

No Class Due to Yom Kippur.  

A make-up class will be held on December 9, 2015.


I- Who Were We?

2- Zionism and the Intellectual Origins of Israeli Identity

September 30, 2015

[C] Shlomo Avineri, The Making of Modern Zionism: The Intellectual Origins of the Jewish State (New York: Basic Books, 1981), 88-100, 112-124.

October 7, 2015 

[R] Avineri, The Making of Modern Zionism, 139-216.


Recommended readings, subject # 2:

Michael Barnett, “The Politics of Uniqueness: The Status of the Israeli Case.” In Michael Barnett, ed. Israel in Comparative Perspective: Challenging the Conventional Wisdom. Albany: SUNY Press, 1996, 3-28.

Alexander Yakobson, "Jewish Peoplehood and the Jewish State, How Unique?-A Comparative Study," Israel Studies 13/2 (Summer 2008), 1-27.

Hedva Ben-Israel Kidron, "Zionism and European Nationalisms: Comparative Aspects,"

Israel Studies 8/1 (Spring 2003), 91-104

Jonathan Spyer, "Theories of Nationalism: The Israeli Experience as a Test Case," Israel Studies Forum 20/2 (Winter 2005), 46-68.

Martin Buber, Israel and the World (Syracuse University Press, 1997), 214-226.


3- Myths and Reality in the Construction of the Modern State of Israel

October 14, 2015: Tkuma, Episode 1: The Conflict; Episode 2: The Ingathering.

[BS] Garfinkle, chapter 3.

October 21, 2015

[BS] Erez Tzfadia, “Geography and Demography: Spatial Transformations,” in Ben-Porat et al., 42-68.

[BS] Zerubavel, 13-36, 39-47.

October 28, 2013

[BS] Zerubavel, 60-76, 147-167, 192-213.


Recommended readings, subject # 3:

Amos Oz, "The Meaning of Homeland," in Carol Diament, ed., Zionism: The Sequel (New York: Hadassah, 1998), 248-254.

Oz Almog, The Sabra: The Creation of the New Jew, trans. by Haim Watzman (Berkeley and London: University of California Press, 2000), 35-45, 185-197.

Zeev Sternhell, The Founding Myths of Israel. Trans. by David Maisel (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1998), 3-24.

Nachman Ben-Yehuda, The Masada Myth: Collective Memory and Mythmaking in Israel (Madison: The University of Wisconsin Press, 1995), 62-68, 228-258.

Myron J. Aranoff, "The Origins of Israeli Political Culture," in Ehud Sprinzak and Larry Diamond, eds., Israeli Democracy Under Stress (Boulder, Colo.: Lynne Rienner, 1993), 47-63.

Shoham Hizky, "From ‘Great History’ to ‘Small History:’ The Genesis of the Zionist Periodization," Israel Studies 18/1 (Spring 2013), 31-55.

Michael Feige, "Passion and Territory in Israeli Historiography," Israel Studies 16/1 (Spring 2011), 179-197.

For a political-geographic introduction of the "New Yishuv" see: Ruth Kark and Joseph B. Glass, "The Jews in Eretz Israel/Palestine: From Traditional Peripherality to Modern Centrality," in Efraim Karsh, ed., Israel: The First Hundred Years, Vol. 1 Israel's Transition From Community to State (London: Frank Cass, 2000), 73-107.


II- Who Are We?

4- The Israeli State, Institutions, and Identity

November 4, 2015

[BS] Garfinkle, chapter 5.

[@] Baruch Kimmerling, “State Building, State Autonomy and the Identity of Society: The Case of the Israeli State,” Journal of Historical Sociology 6/4 (December 1993), 396-429.

November 11, 2015

[BS] Arye Naor, “The Political System: Government, Parliament and the Court,” in Ben-Porat et al., 69-90.

[@] Oren Soffer, “Judicial Review of Legislation in Israel: Problems and Implications of Possible Reform,” Israel Affairs 12/2 (April 2006), 307-329.

[@] Gideon Doron, “Judges in a Borderless State: Politics versus the Law in the State of Israel, Israel Affairs 14/4 (2008), 587-601.


Recommended readings, subject # 4:

Ilan Peleg, "The Israeli Right;" Mark Rosenblum, "After Rabin: The Malaise of the Israeli Zionist Left;" Shmuel Sandler and Aaron Kampinsky, "Israel's Religious Parties;" Vladimir (Ze'ev) Khanin, "Israel's 'Russian' Parties;" Hillel Frisch, "Israel's Arab Parties;" Pnina Lahav, "Israel's supreme Court," in Robert O. Freedman ed., Contemporary Israel: Domestic Politics, Foreign Policy and Security Challenges (Boulder, Co.: Westview, 2009), 21-158.

Menachem Hofnung, “Israeli Constitutional Politics: The Fragility of Impartiality,” Israel Affairs 5/2-3 (1999), 34-54.

Shmu'el Hasfari and Eldad Yaniv, The National Left

Alan Dowty, "Zionism's Greatest Conceit," Israel Studies  3/1 (Spring 1998), 1-23.

Ilan Peleg, "Israel Constitutional Order and Kulturkampf: The Role of Ben-Gurion," Israel Studies 3/1 (Spring 1998), 230-250.

Yechiam Weitz, "The Road to the 'Upheaval:' A Capsule History of the Herut Movement, 1948-1977," Israel Studies 10/3 (Fall 2005), 54-86.

Gideon Doron, "Right as Opposed to Wrong as Opposed to Left: The Spatial Location of the Right Parties on the Israeli Political Map," Israel Studies 10/3 (Fall 2005), 29-53.

Rebecca Kook, "Between Uniqueness and Exclusion: The Politics of Identity in Israel in Comparative Perspective," in Michael Barnett, ed., Israel in Comparative Perspective: Challenging the Conventional Wisdom (Albany, New York: SUNY, 1996), 199-225.

Ilan Saban, "After the Storm? The Israeli Supreme Court and the Arab-Palestinian Minority in the Aftermath of October 2000," Israel Affairs 14/4 (2008), 623-639.

Daphne Barak-Erez, "Law and Politics in Israel Lands: Toward Distributive Justice," Israel Affairs 14/4 (2008), 662-680.

Gideon Doron, “High-tech Nation: The Future of the Israeli Polity,” Israel Affairs 17/3 (July 2011), 313-326.


November 18, 2015: First Paper Due


5- The Israeli People, Society, Economy, and Identity

November 18, 2015

[BS] Garfinkle, chapter 4

[C] Hanna Herzog, “Women in Israeli Society,” in Uzi Rebhun and Chaim Waxman, Jews in Israel: contemporary social and cultural patterns (Hanover, NH: Brandeis University Press, 2004), 195-220.

November 25, 2015

[@] Eliezer Ben-Rafael, “Mizrahi and Russian Challenges to Israel’s Dominant Culture: Divergences and Convergences,” Israel Studies 12/3 (Fall 2007).

[@] Ephraim Ya’ar, “Continuity and Change in Israeli Society: The Test of the Melting Pot,” Israel Studies 10/2 (Summer 2005), 91-128.

December 2, 2015

Tkuma, Episode 3: The People’s Army; Episode 5: The Economic Revolution.

[C] Yoram Peri, Generals in the Cabinet Room (Washington DC: US Institute of Peace Press, 2006), 213-232.

[BS] Guy Ben-Porat, “Political Economy: Liberalization and Globalization,” Ben Porat, et al., 91-116.

[@] Ben-Zion Zilberfarb, “From Socialism to Free Market: The Israeli Economy, 1948-2003,” Israel Affairs 11/1 (January 2005), 12-22.


Recommended readings, subject # 5:

Alan Dowty ed. Critical Issues in Israeli Society (Westport CT: Praeger, 2004). In particular:

Gideon Doron and Rebecca Kook, “Sources of Stability and Instability in the Israeli Polity,” 9-32.

Menachem Hofnung “Corruption, Political Finance, and the Rule of Law,” 33-54.

Gad Barzilai, “How Far do Justices Go: The Limits of Judicial Decisions,” 55-68.

Zvi Gitelman, “‘The Russian Revolution’ in Israel,” 95-108.

Yair Ezrahi, “Globalization and Its Impact on Israel,” 151-166.

Derek Penslar, “Normalization and Its Discontents: Israel as a Diaspora Community,” 223-250.

Calvin Goldscheider, Israeli Society in the Twenty-First Century (Brandeis University Press, 2015)

Henriette Dahan-Kalev, “You’re So Pretty—You Don’t Look Moroccan,” Israel Studies, vol. 6, no. 1 (2001): 1-14

Nelly Elias and Adriana Kemp, "The New Second Generation: Non-Jewish Olim, Black Jews and Children of Migrant Workers in Israel," Israel Studies 15/1 (Spring 2010), 73-94.

Eliezer Ben-Rafael, "Kibbutz: Survival at Risk," Israel Studies 16/2 (Summer 2011), 81-108.

Raymond Russell, Robert Hanneman, Shlomo Getz, "The Transformation of the Kibbutzim," Israel Studies 16/2 (2011), 109-126.

Sami Shalom Chetrit, “Mizrahi Politics in Israel: Between Integration and

Alternative,” Journal of Palestine Studies, vol. 29/4 (2000), 51-65

Ella Shohat, “Sephardim in Israel: Zionism from the Standpoint of Its Jewish

Victims,” in Anne McClintock, Aamir Mufti and Ella Shohat, eds., Dangerous

Liaisons: Gender, Nation, and Postcolonial Perspectives (Minneapolis: University of

Minnesota Press, 1997), 39-68.

Yosef Gorny, “The ‘Melting Pot’ in Zionist Thought,” Israel Studies 6/3 (2001), 54-70.

Vladimir Khanin, "Russian-Jewish Political Experience in Israel: Patterns, Elites and Movements," Israel Studies 17/1 (January 2011), 55-71.

Dan Senor and Saul Singer, Start-up Nation: The Story of Israel's Economic Miracle (New York: Twelve, 2009)

Paul Rivlin, The Israeli Economy from the Foundation of the State Through the 21st Century (Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2010).

Baruch Kimmerling, The Invention and Decline of Israeliness: State, Society, and the Military (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2001), chapter 3 and 7.

Frances Raday, "Women's Human Rights: Dichotomy between Religion and Secularism in Israel," Israel Affairs 11/1 (January 2005), 78-94.

Yael Yishai, "Civil Society in Transition: Interest Politics in Israel," AAPSS 555 (January 1998), 147-162.

Motti Regev, "To Have a Culture of Our Own: On Israeliness and Its Variants," Ethnic and Racial Studies 23/2 (March 2000), 223-247.

Joel S. Migdal, "Society Formation and the Case of Israel," in Michael Barnett, ed., Israel in Comparative Perspective: Challenging the Conventional Wisdom (Albany, New York: SUNY, 1996), 173-197.

Baruch Kimmerling, "Political Subcultures and Civilian Militarism in a Settler-Immigrant Society," in Daniel Bar-Tal, Dan Jacobson and Aharon Klieman, eds., Security Concerns: Insights from the Israeli Experience. Contemporary Studies in Sociology, Vol. 17 (Stamford, Conn.: JAI Press, 1998), 395-416.

Sergio Della Pergola, "Demography in Israel at the Dawn of the Twenty-first Century," in Rebhun and Waxman, Jews in Israel, 20-44.

Gabriel Ben-Dor and Ami Pedahzur, "Civil-Military Relations in Israel at the Outset of the Twenty-first Century," in Rebhun and Waxman, Jews in Israel, 331-344.

Yoram Peri, "The Political-Military Complex: The IDF's Influence Over Policy towards the Palestinians since 1987," Israel Affairs 11/2 (April 2005), 324-344.

Oren Barak and Gabriel Shefer, "The Study of Civil-Military Relations in Israel: A New Perspective," Israel Studies 12/1 (2007) 1-27.

Dana Kachtan, "The Construction of Ethnic Identity in the Military – From the Bottom Up," Israel Studies 17/3 (Fall 2012), 150-175.

Tamar Horowitz, "The Integration of Immigrants from the Former Soviet Union," Israel Affairs 11/1 (January 2005), 117-136.

Ben-Zion Zilberfarb, "From Boom to Bust: The Israeli Economy, 1990-2003: Israel Affairs 12/2 (April 2006), 221-233.


III- Who Is “We?”

6- “Jerusalem” and “Tel-Aviv:” The Split Soul of Israeli Identity

December 9, 2015:

[BS] Yaron Ezrahi, Rubber Bullets: Power and Conscience in Modern Israel (Berkeley and London: University of California Press, 1997), chapters, 5, 7, and 10


Recommended readings, subject # 6:

Ezrahi, chapter 1.


Fall Semester Exam Week: Midterm Exam


7- “Kulturkampf:” The Secular Religious Divide

January 13, 2015

[@] Baruch Kimmerling, “Between Hegemony and Dormant Kulturkampf in Israel,” Israel Affairs 4/3&4 (Spring/Summer 1998). Also in Dan Urian and Efraim Karsh, eds., In Search of Identity: Jewish Aspects in Israeli Culture (London: Frank Cass, 1998), 49-72.

[R] Asher Cohen and Bernard Susser, Israel and the Politics of Jewish Identity (Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2000), chapters 1 and 2.

January 20, 2015

Tkuma, Episode 4: Whose State? Whose Religion?

[@] Eliezer Ben-Rafael, “The Faces of Religiosity in Israel: Cleavages or Continuum?” Israel Studies, 13/3 (Fall 2008), 89-113.

[@] Reuven Y. Hazan, “Religion and Politics in Israel: The Rise and Fall of the Consociational Model” in Reuven Y. Hazan and Moshe Maor, eds. Parties, Elections and Cleavages: Israel in Comparative and Theoretical Perspective. London: Frank Cass, 2000, 109-137.


Recommended readings, subject # 7:

Forum: “The ‘Religionization’ of Israeli Society:” Yoram Peri,

“Introduction;” Tamar Hermann, “More Jewish than Israeli (and Democratic)?”

Shlomo Fischer, “Yes, Israel is Becoming More Religious; Asher Cohen and Bernard Susser, “Religious Pressure Will Increase in the Future;” Nissim Leon, “Secular Jews: From Proactive Agents to Defensive Players;” Yaacov Yadgar, “The Need for an Epistemological Turn.” Israel Studies Review 27/1 (Summer 2012), 1-30.

Asher Cohen, “Changes in the Orthodox Camp and Their Influence on the Deepening Religious-Secular Schism at the Outset of the Twenty-first Century,” in Alan Dowty ed. Critical Issues in Israeli Society (Westport CT: Praeger, 2004), pp. 71-94.

Avraham B. Yehoshua, “Separating Religion from National Identity,” Palestine-

Israel Journal, vol. 9/1 (2002), 94-101.

Asher Cohen and Bernard Susser, "Jews and Others: Non-Jewish Jews in Israel," Israel Affairs, 15/1 (2009), 52-65.

Guy Ben-Porat, Between State and Synagogue: The Secularization of Contemporary Israel: Cambridge University Press, 2013.

Alan Dowty, The Jewish State: A Century Later. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1998, 159-183.

Ehud Sprinzak, "Extremism and Violence in Israel: The Crisis of Messianic Politics," AAPSS 555 (January 1998), 114-126.

Aviezer Ravitzky, Messianism, Zionism, and Jewish Religious Radicalism, trans. by Michael Swirsky and Jonathan Chipman (Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1996), chapter 1.

Eliezer Schweid, "Judaism in Israeli Culture," in Rebhun and Waxman, Jews in Israel, 243-264.

Shlomit Levy, Hanna Levinsohn and Elihu Katz, "The Many Faces of Jewishness in Israel," in Rebhun and Waxman, Jews in Israel, 265-284.

Eliezer Don-Yehiya. “Conflict Management of Religious Issues: The Israeli Case in a Comparative Perspective.” in Reuven Y. Hazan and Moshe Maor, eds. Parties, Elections and Cleavages: Israel in Comparative and Theoretical Perspective. London: Frank Cass, 2000, 85-108.

"'Who is a Jew?' Professor Isaiah Berlin's Memorandum to the Prime Minister of Israel, 23, January 1959," Israel Studies, 13/3, 170-77.


8- “Post-Zionism,” the “New Historians,” and Israeli Identity

January 27, 2016

[BS] Silberstein, chapters 2, 3, and 4.

[R] Yoram Hazony, The Jewish State: Struggle for Israel’s Soul (New York: Basic, 2000), chapters 1 and 2.


Recommended readings, subject # 8:

Michal Ben-Josef Hirsch, “From Taboo to the Negotiable: The Israeli New Historians and the Changing Representation of the Palestinian Refugee Problem,” Perspectives on Politics, 2007, 5 (2): 241- 258(Highly recommended).

Assaf Likhovski, "Post-Post Zionist Historiography," Israel Studies 15/2 (Summer 2010), 1-23.

Shlomo Aronson, "The Post-Zionist Discourse and Critique of Israel: A Traditional Zionist Perspective," Israel Studies 8/1 (Spring 2003), 105-129.

Menachem Brinker, "The End of Zionism? Thoughts on the Wages of Success," in Carol Diament, ed., Zionism: The Sequel (New York: Hadassah, 1998), 293-299.

Erik Cohen, "Israel as a Post-Zionist Society," in Robert Wistrich and David Ohana, eds., The Shaping of Israeli Identity: Myths, Memory, and Trauma (London: Frank Cass, 1995), 203-213.

Uri Ram, "Post-Zionist Studies in Israel-The First Decade," Israel Studies Forum 20/2 (Winter 2005), 22-45.

Silberstein, chapter 5.

Ari Shavit, "Leaving the Ghetto," Interview with Avraham Burg, Haaretz 8.6.2007.

Zeev Bielski, "Response to Avraham Burg's Remarks," Jewish Agency for Israel, June 10, 2007.

Some examples of the "new historians'" writings:

Benny Morris, Righteous Victims: A History of the Zionist-Arab Conflict 1881-1999 (New York: Knopf, 1999).

Ilan Pappe, The Making of the Arab-Israeli Conflict: 1947-1951 (London: I. B. Tauris, 1992).

Avi Shlaim, The Iron Wall: Israel and the Arab World (New York: W. W. Norton, 2000).

Gershon Shafir, Land, Labor and the Origins of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: 1882-1914 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989).


9- The Israeli Palestinians: “Us” or “Them?”

February 6, 2016

[@] Sammy Smooha, “Minority Status in an Ethnic Democracy: The Status of the Arab Minority in Israel,” Ethnic and Racial Studies 13/3 (July 1990), 389-413.

[@] Yoav Peled, “Ethnic Democracy and the Legal Construction of Citizenship: Arab Citizens of the Jewish State,” American Political Science Review 86/2 (June 1992), 432-443.

[@] Nadim Rouhana and As’ad Ghanem, “The Crisis of Minorities in Ethnic States: The Case of Palestinian Citizens in Israel,” International Journal of Middle East Studies 30/3 (1998), 321-346.

February 10, 2016

[@] Eli Rekless, “The Evolvement of an Arab-Palestinian National Minority in Israel,” Israel Studies, 12/3 (Fall 2007), 1-28.

[C] Amal Jamal, “The Political Ethos of Palestinian Citizens of Israel: Critical Reading in the Future Vision Documents,” Israel Studies Forum 23/2 (Winter 2008), 3-28

[@] Dov Waxman and Ilan Peleg, “Neither Ethnocracy nor Bi-nationalism: In Search of the Middle Ground,” Israel Studies Forum 23/2 (Winter 2008), 55-73.


Recommended readings, subject # 9:

Yoav Peled and Doron Navot, "Ethnic Democracy Revisited: On the State of Democracy in the Jewish State," Israel Studies Forum 20/1 (Summer 2005), 3-27.

Dov Waxman, “Israel’s other Palestinian Problem: the Future Vision Documents and the Demands of the Palestinian Minority in Israel,” Israel Affairs 19/1 (2013), 214-229.

Oded Haklai, “The Arab Minority in Israel: Challenges and Limits in Recent Disciplinary Approaches,” Israel Studies 18/1 (Spring 2013), 124-145.

Alan Dowty, "Is Israel Democratic? Substance and Semantics in the Ethnic Democracy Debate," Israel Studies 4/2 (Fall 1999), 1-15.

Sammy Smooha, "Types of Democracy and Modes of Conflict Management in Ethnically Divided Societies," Nations and Nationalism 8/4 (2002), 423-31.

Ephraim Yuchtman-Yaar and Ze'ev Shavit, "The Cleavage between Jewish and Arab Israeli Citizens," Rebhun and Waxman, Jews in Israel, 345-370.

Mark Tessler and Audra K. Grant, "Israel's Arab Citizens: The Continuing Struggle," AAPSS  555 (January 1998), 97-113.

Dan Rabinowitz, Overlooking Nazareth: The Ethnography of Exclusion in Galilee (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997), chapters 2 and 5.

Efraim Karsh, “Israel’s Arabs: Deprived or Radicalized?” Israel Affairs 19/1 (2013), 2-20.

Muhammad Amara, "The Collective Identity of the Arabs in Israel in an Era of Peace," Israel Affairs 9/1-2 (Winter 2003), 249-262.

Mahmud Kayyal, "A Hesitant Dialogue with 'the Other': The Interactions of Arab Intellectuals with the Israeli Culture," Israel Studies 11/2 (Summer 2006), 54-74.

"We are at a Crossroads," Interview with Azmi Bishara by Ilan Amouyal, revised 1998 by Azmi Bishara, in Carol Diament, ed., Zionism: The Sequel (New York: Hadassah, 1998), 279-286.

The National Committee of the Heads of the Arab Local Authorities in Israel, "The Future Vision of the Palestinian Arabs in Israel," ed, by Ghaida Rinawie-Zoabi, 2006.

Mada al-Carmel-Arab Center for Applied Social Research, "The Haifa Declaration," Sunday 20 May, 2007.

Adalah, "The Democratic Constitution," 2007.


February 17, 2016: Reading Week


IV-    What Are We 

10- Israeli Democracy as Identity

February 24, 2016

[@] Ruth Gavison, “Jewish and Democratic? A Rejoinder to the ‘Ethnic Democracy’ Debate,” Israel Studies 4/1 (Spring 1999), 44-72.

[C] Charles S. Liebman, “Religion and Democracy in Israel,” in Ehud Sprinzak and Larry Diamond, eds., Israeli Democracy Under Stress (Boulder, Colo.: Lynne Rienner, 1993), 273-292.

[C] Forum: “Is Israeli Democracy in Danger,” Israel Studies Review, 26/1 (Summer 2011), 1-32. Introduction and articles by Mordechai Kremnitzer and Shiri Krebs; Alexander Yakobson; Naomi Chazan; As’ad Ghanem; and Yaron Ezrahi.

[@] Eva Illiuz, “Is Israel Too Jewish?” Haaretz Magazine, March 23, 2013


Recommended readings, subject # 10:

Adler, pp. 73-96.

Joel Migdal, "Whose State is it Anyway? Exclusion and the Construction of Graduated Citizenship in Israel," Israel Studies Forum 21/2 (Winter 2006), 2-27.

Sammy Smooha, "Ethnic Democracy: Israel as an Archetype," Israel Studies 2/2 (Fall 1997), 198-241.

Yonathan Shapiro, "The Historical Origins of Israeli Democracy," in Ehud Sprinzak and Larry Diamond, eds., Israeli Democracy under Stress (Boulder, Colo.: Lynne Rienner, 1993), 65-81.

 Baruch Kimmerling, "Religion, Nationalism and Democracy in Israel," Constellations 6/3 (1999), 339-363.

Gabriel Sheffer, "Has Israel Really Been a Garrison State? Sources of Change in Israel's Democracy," Israel Affairs 3/1 (Autumn 1996), 13-38.

Yossi Yonah, "Israel as a Multicultural Democracy: Challenges and Obstacles," Israel Affairs 11/1 (January 2005), 95-116.

Asa Kasher, "'A Jewish and Democratic State:' Present Navigation in the Map of Interpretations," Israel Affairs 11/1 (January 2005), 165-182.


11. War, Peace and Israeli Identity

March 2, 2015

[BS] Garfinkle, 199-228, 245-278, 289-296.


March 9, 2014: Second paper due


March 9, 2016

[BS] Shindler, 267-367.

March 16, 2016

[BS] Shindler, 368-419.

[C] Paul L. Scham, "The Historical Narratives of Israelis and Palestinians and the Peace Process," Israel Studies Forum 21/2 (Winter 2006), 58-84

[C] "Israel Future: The Time Factor: A Debate between Efraim Imbar and Ian S. Lustick, Israel Studies Forum 23.1 (Summer 2008), 3-11

March 23, 2016: Tkuma, Episode 6: Future Peace, Next War.

[BS] Ezrahi, chapter 9.

[BS] Adler, pp. 110-23.

[C] Emanuel Adler, "Changing Identities: The Path to Peace," in Emanuel Adler, Communitarian International Relations (London: Routledge, 2005). Also in First Andrea and Charles Bronfman Lecture in Israeli Studies, Munk Centre for International Studies, University of Toronto, March, 21, 2002 (mimeo).


Recommended readings, subject # 11:

Alan Dowty, Israel/Palestine, 3d Ed. (Polity Press, 2012).

Aharon Bregman, Israel’s Wars: A History Since 1947 (New York and London: Routledge, 2010)

Joel Peters and David Newman eds., Routledge Handbook on the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: (New York and London: Routledge, 2012).

Gershon Gorenberg, The Accidental Empire: Israel and the Birth of the Settlements, 1967-1977 (Holt, 2007).

Dov Waxman, “Israeli Dilemma: Unity or Peace?” Israel Affairs 12/2 (April 2006), 200-220.

Dov Waxman, “From Controversy to Consensus: Cultural Conflict and the Israeli Debate Over Territorial Withdrawal,” Israel Studies 13/2 (Summer 2008), 73-96.

As'ad Ghanem, "The Bi-National State Solution," Israel Studies 14/2 (Summer 2009), 120-33.

Raphael Cohen-Almagor, “The Failed Palestinian-Israeli Peace Process 1993-2011: An Israeli Perspective,” Israel Affairs 18/4 (October 2012), 563-578.

Sami Adwan, Dan Bar-On, and Eyal Naveh, Side by Side: Parallel Histories of Israel-Palestine (New Press, 2012).

Eyal Naveh, “The Dynamics of Identity Construction in Israel through Education in History,” 244-270, and Saleh Abdel Sawad, “The Arab-Palestinian Narratives of the 1948 War,” 72-114, in Robert I. Rotberg, Israeli and Palestinian Narratives of Conflict: History’s Double Helix (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2006)

Paul Scham, Benjamin Pogrund and As’ad Ghanem, “Introduction to Shared Narratives-A Palestinian-Israeli Dialogue,” Israel Studies 18/2 (Summer 2013), 1-10.

Mohammed S. Dajami Daoudi and Zeima M. Barakat, “Israelis and Palestinians: Contested Narratives,” Israel Studies 18/2 (Summer 2013), 53-69.

S. Ilan Troen, “Israeli Views of the Land of Israel/Palestine,” Israel Studies 18/2 (Summer 2013), 110-114.

Asher Susser, "Partition and the Arab Palestinian Minorities in Israel," Israel Studies 14/2 (Summer 2009), 105-119.

Itzhak Galnor, "The Zionist Debates on Partition (1919-1947)," Israel Studies 14/2 (Summer 2009), 74-87.

Shlomo Aronson, "Israel's Security and the Holocaust: Lessons Learned but Existential Fears Continue," Israel Studies 14/1 (Spring 2009), 65-93.

Shlomo Ben Ami "So Close and Yet So Far: Lessons from the Israeli Palestinian Peace Process," Israel Studies 10/2 (Summer 2005), 72-90.

Eyal Zisser, "Hizbollah and Israel: Strategic Threat on the Northern Border," Israel Affairs 12/1 (January 2006), 86-106.

Adam Blinick, "Palestinian Suicide Terror," Israel Studies Forum, 21/2 (Winter 2006), 105-119.

David Menashri, "Iran, Israel and the Middle East Conflict," Israel Affairs 11/4 (October 2005), 717-736.

Michael Barnett, "Culture, Strategy and Foreign Policy Change: Israel's Road to Oslo," European Journal of International Relations 5/1 (March 1999), 5-36.

Ezrahi, chapters 6 and 8.

Lilly Weissbrod, "Israeli Identity in Transition," in Efraim Karsh, ed., From Rabin to Netanyahu: Israel's Troubled Agenda (London: Frank Cass, 1997), 47-65.

Michael Feige, "Peace Now and the Legitimation Crisis of ‘Civil Militarism,’" Israel Studies 3/1 (Spring 1998), 85-111.

Ehud Sprinzak, Brother Against Brother: Violence and Extremism in Israeli Politics from Altalena to the Rabin Assassination (New York: The Free Press, 1999), chapter 5.

Avishai Margalit, Views in Review: Politics and Culture in the State of the Jews (New York: Farrar, Straus, Giroux, 1998), chapter 7.


V- Where Are We?

12- Israel in the World

March 30, 2015

[BS] Adler ed., pp. 1-50; 97-110


Recommended readings, subject # 12:

Gabriel Sheffer, "Loyalty and Criticism in the Relations between World Jewry and Israel," Israel Studies 17/2 (Summer 2012), 77-85.

Daniel Gordis, "From a Jewish People to a Jewish Religion: A Shifting American Jewish Weltanschauung and Its Implications for Israel," Israel Studies 17/2 (Summer 2012) 102-110.

Yehezkel Dror, "Diaspora-Israel Relations: A Long-Term Perspective," Israel Studies 17/2 (Summer 2012), 86-91.

Shimon Peres, The New Middle East (New York: Henry Holt and Co., 1993), 61-85, 163-179

Raffaella A. Del Sarto, "Region Building, European Union Normative Power, and Contested Identities: The Case of Israel," in Emanuel Adler, Federica Bicchi, Beverly Crawford, and Raffaella A. Del Sarto, eds. The Convergence of Civilizations: Constructing a Mediterranean Region (Toronto: Toronto University Press, 2006), 296-336.

Alexandra Nocke, "Israel and the Emergence of Mediterranean Identity," Israel Studies, 11/1 (Spring 2006), 143-173.

Alexandra Nocke, The Place of the Mediterranean in Modern Israeli identity (Leiden, Brill, 2009).

Michael M. Laskier and Ronen Yitzhak, Israel and the Mediterranean: Five Decades of Uneasy Coexistence (Sussex Academic Press, 2013).

David Ohana, "Israel Towards a Mediterranean Identity," in Shlomo Avineri and Werner Weidenfeld, eds., Integration and Identity: Challenges to Europe and Israel (Bonn: Europa Union Verlag, 1999), 81-99.

David Ohana, Israel and Its Mediterranean Identity (Palgrave, 2011).

Elie Podeh, "Rethinking Israel in the Middle East," Israel Affairs. Vol. 3, Nos. 3-4 (1997), pp. 336-354. Also in Efraim Karsh, ed., From Rabin to Netanyahu: Israel's Troubled Agenda (London: Frank Cass, 1997), 280-295.

Bernard Lewis, The Multiple Identities of the Middle East (New York: Schocken, 1998), chapter 9.

Joel Peters, Pathways to Peace: The Multilateral Arab-Israeli Peace Talks (London:

Royal Institute of International Affairs, 1996), 1-11, 61-75.

Gabriel Sheffer and Natan Aridan, eds. Special Issue: "The Making of Israeli Foreign Policy," Israel Studies 15/3 (Fall 2010), 1-201.

Michael Brecher, Decisions in Israel's Foreign Policy (New York: Oxford University Press, 1974).

Alan Dowty, "Israel's Foreign Policy and the Jewish Question," International Affairs 3/1 (March 1999).

Uri Bialer, Between East and West: Israel's Foreign Policy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990).

Sasson Sofer, Zionism and the Foundations of Israeli Diplomacy (Cambridge: Cambridge University press, 2007).

Alexander Yakobson and Amnon Rubinstein, Israel and the Family of Nations: The Jewish Nation-State and Human Rights (London: Routledge, 2008).


VI-    Who Will We Become?

13- The Alternative Paths of Israeli Identity/Identities

April 6, 2016

[BS] Ezrahi, chapter 11.

[@] Uzi Rebhun and Chaim I. Waxman, “Israel in the Early Twenty-first Century: Challenging Internal and Global Developments,” Israel Affairs 9/4 (June 2003), 1-16.


Recommended readings, subject # 13:

Gershon Gorenberg, The Unmaking of Israel (Harper, 2011).

Peter Beinart, The Crisis of Zionism: (Time Books, 2012).

Yehezkel Dror, "The Future of Israel: I. External Factors," Israel Studies 6/2 (Summer 2001), 90-106.

Shlomo Avineri, "Israel-A Normative Value of Jewish Existence," in Carol Diament, ed., Zionism: The Sequel (New York: Hadassah, 1998), 85-88.

Zeev Sternhell, The Founding Myths of Israel. Trans. by David Maisel (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1998), Epilogue.

Ari Shavit, "Systemic Failure," Haaretz 03/08/2006.            

A. B. Yehoshua, “An Attempt to Identify the Root Cause of Antisemitism,” Azure, No 32 (Spring 2008)

Winter Semester Exam Week: Final Exam
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Additional Bibliography


Agassi, Joseph (1999) Liberal Nationalism for Israel: Towards an Israeli National Identity. New York: Gefen Books.

Arian, Asher (1995) Security Threatened. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Arian, Asher (1998) The Second Republic: Politics in Israel. New Jersey: Chatham House.

Arian, Asher (2002) Executive Governance in Israel. Palgrave.

Aronoff, Myron J. (1989) Israeli Visions and Divisions. New Brunswick: Transaction.

Aronoff, Yael (2014) The Political Psychology of Israeli Prime Ministers: Cambridge University Press.

Auron, Yair (2012) Israeli Identities: Jews and Arabs Facing Self and Other: Berghahn Books.

Avishai, Bernard (1985) The Tragedy of Zionism: Revolution and Democracy in the Land of Israel. New York: Farrar, Straus, Giroux.

Avishai, Bernard (2008) The Hebrew Republic: How Secular Democracy and Global Enterprise Will Bring Israel Peace At Last: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.

Avruch, Kevin and Walter P. Zenner (eds.) (1997) Critical Essays on Israeli Society, Religion, and Government. Albany, New York: SUNY.

Bar-Tal, Daniel and Yona Teichman (2009) Stereotypes and Prejudice in Conflict: Representations of Arabs in Israeli Jewish Society. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Barnett, Michael (1992) Confronting the Costs of War: Military Power, State, and Society in Egypt and Israel. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Beilin, Yossi (1999) Touching Peace: From the Oslo Accord to a Final Agreement. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson.

Beinart, Peter (2012) The Crisis of Zionism: Time Books.

Ben-Porat, Guy (2013) Between State and Synagogue: The Secularization of Contemporary Israel: Cambridge University Press.

Ben-Yehuda, Nachman (2010), Theocratic Democracy: The Social Construction of Religious and Secular Extremism. Oxford University Press

Benvenisti, Meron (2000) The Buried History of the Holy Land since 1948. Berkeley: University of California  Press.

Bregman, Aharon (2002) A History of Israel. Palgrave.

Bregman, Aharon (2002) Israel's Wars: A History since 1947. London and New York: Routledge.

Burg, Avraham (2009) The Holocaust is Over; We Must Rise from the Ashes. Palgrave/Macmillan.


Cohen-Almagor, Raphael (2005) ed., Israeli Democracy at the Crossroads. Abingdon, UK: Routledge.

Cohen, Avner (1998) Israel and the Bomb. New York: Columbia University Press.

Cohen, Avner (2010) The Worst Kept Secret. New York: Columbia University Press

Cohen, Eric, Moshe Lissak, and Uri Almagor (eds.) (1985) Comparative Social Dynamics. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press.

Craig, Alan (2013) Politics, Security and International Legitimacy: The Role of Lawyers in the Israeli Military (Lexington Books, 2013).

Derrick, Jonathan (2002) The Invention of a Nation: Zionist Thought and the Making of Modern Israel. New York: Columbia University Press.

Dowty, Allan et al. (1997) The Role of Domestic Politics in Israeli Peacemaking. Jerusalem: Leonard Davis Institute, Hebrew University of Jerusalem.

Dowty, Allan (1998) The Jewish State One Hundred Years Later. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Dowty, Alan (2012) Israel/Palestine, 3d Ed: Polity Press.

Drainie, Bronwyn (1995) My Jerusalem. New York: Doubleday.

Eisenstadt, Shmuel N. (1986) The Transformation of Israeli Society: An Essay in Interpretation. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press.

Elon, Amos (1981) The Israelis: Founders and Sons. Jerusalem: Adam.

Elizur, Judith N. and Elihu Katz (1998) 2d edition. The Theater of Redemption: Israel's Images and their Functions. Jerusalem: S.N.

Enderlin, Charles (2003) Shattered Dreams: The Failure of the Peace Process in the Middle East, 1995-2002. St. Martin’s.

Etzioni-Halevy, Eva, with Rita Shapira (1977) Political Culture in Israel: Cleavage and Integration among Israeli Jews. New York: Praeger.

Evron, Boaz (1995) Jewish State of Israeli Nation? Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Freedman Robert O. (ed.) (2000) Israel's First Fifty Years. University Press of Florida.

Robert O. Freedman (ed.) (2009) Contemporary Israel: Domestic Politics, Foreign Policy and Security Challenges. Boulder, Co.: Westview.

Feige, Michael (2009) Settling in the Hearts: Jewish Fundamentalism in the Occupied Territories. Michigan: Wayne State University Press.

Finkelstein, Norman (2001) Image and Reality of the Israeli Palestinian Conflict. Verso.

Freilich, Charles D. (2012) Zion’s Dilemmas: How Israel Makes National Security Policy: Cornell University Press.

Frisch, Hillel (2011) Israel’s Security and its Arab Citizens: Cambridge University Press.

Fuchs, Esther, ed. (2005) Israeli Women's Studies: A Reader. New Brunswick, NJ and London: Rutgers University Press.

Gavison, Ruth (2013) The Two-State Solution: the UN partition Resolution of Mandatory Palestine-Analysis and Sources. Bloomsbury Academic.

Ghazi-Bouillon, Asima (2013) Understanding the Middle East Peace Process: Israeli Academia and the Struggle for Identity: Routledge.

Ginor, Isabella and Gideon Remez (2007) Foxbats Over Dimona: The Soviets' Nuclear Gamble in the Six Day War. New Haven:Yale University Press.

Golan, Galia (2014) Israeli Peacemaking since 1967: Routledge

Goldscheider, Calvin (2002) Israel's Changing Society: Population, Ethnicity, and Development. Boulder, Colo.: Westview.

Gorenberg, Gershon (2007) The Accidental Empire: Israel and the Birth of the Settlements, 1967-1977: Holt.

Gorenberg, Gershon (2011) The Unmaking of Israel: Harper.

Gorny, Yosef (1994) Israel in Jewish Public Thought: The Quest for Collective Identity. New York: New York University Press.

Gorny, Yosef (2003) Between Auschwitz and Jerusalem: Jewish Collective Identity in Crisis. Vallentine Mitchell.

Grossman, David (1989) The Yellow Wind. New York: Delta.

Grossman, David (1993), Sleeping on a Wire: Conversations with Palestinians in Israel, New York: Farrar, Straus, Giroux.

Haklai, Oded (2011) Palestinian Ethnonationalism in Israel. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

Halperin-Kaddari, Ruth (2003) Women in Israel: A State of Their Own. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

Hermann, Tamar (2009) The Israeli Peace Movement: A Shattered Dream. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Hermann, Tamar and Ephraim Yuchtman-Yaar (eds.) (1997) Israeli Society and the Challenge of Transition to Co-existence. Tel Aviv: The Tami Steinmetz Center for Peace Research, Tel Aviv University.

Hertzberg, Arthur (1997) The Zionist Idea: A Historical Analysis and Reader. Philadelphia and Jerusalem: The Jewish Publication Society.

Herzog, Hanna (1999) Gendering Politics: Women in Israel. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press.

Horovitz, David (2000) A Little Too Close to God: The Thrills and Panic of a Life in Israel. New York: Knopf.

Horowitz, Don and Moshe Lissak (1978) Origins of the Israeli Polity. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Horowitz, Don and Moshe Lissak (1989) Trouble in Utopia: the Overburdened Polity of Israel. Albany, SUNY Press.

Kaplan, Eran (2005) The Jewish Radical Right: Revisionist Zionism and Its Ideological Legacy. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.

Karsh, Efraim (1997) Fabricating Israeli History: The "New Historians" London: Frank Cass.

Karsh Efraim (ed.) (2000) Israel: The First Hundred Years. Vol. II From War to Peace? London: Frank Cass.

Karsh, Efraim (2002) The Palestine War 1948. Osprey.

Karsh, Efraim (2010) Palestine Betrayed: Yale University Press.

Kemp Adriana, David Newman, Uri Ram, and Oren Yiftachel (2004), eds., Israelis in Conflict. Brighton and Portland: Sussex Academic Press.

Khalidi, Rashid (1997) Palestinian Identity: The Construction of Modern National Consciousness. New York: Columbia University Press.

Kimmerling, Baruch (1983) Zionism and Territory: The Socio-Territorial Dimension of Zionist Politics. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Kimmerling, Baruch (ed.) (1989) The Israeli State and Society: Boundaries and Frontiers. Albany, New York: SUNY.

Kimmerling, Baruch (2003) Politicide: Ariel Sharon’s War Against the Palestinians. Verso.

Kimmerling, Baruch (2008) Clash of Identities: Explorations in Israeli Society and Palestinian Societies. New York: Columbia University press.

Kimmerling, Baruch and Joel Migdal (1993) Palestinians: The Making of a People. New York: The Free Press.

Kimmerling, Baruch and Joel Migdal (2003) The Palestinian People: A History. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Klein Halevi, Yossi (2013) Like Dreamers: The Story of the Israeli Paratroopers Who Reunited Jerusalem and Divided a Nation: Harper Collins.

Kyle, Keith and Joel Peters (eds.) (1993) Whither Israel? The Domestic Challenges. London: I.B. Tauris.

Laqueur, Walter (1972) A History of Zionism: From the French Revolution to the Establishment of the State of Israel. New York: MJF Books.

Lesch Ann M. and Ian Lustick (eds.) (2005) Exile and Return: Predicament of Palestinians and Jews. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

Levi-Faur, David, Gabriel Sheffer and David Vogel (eds.) (2000) Israel: The Dynamics of Change and Continuity. London: Frank Cass.

Liebman, Charles S. and Eliezer Don-Yehiya (1983) Civil Religion in Israel: Traditional Judaism and Political Culture in the Jewish State. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Liebman, Charles S. and Elihu Katz (eds.) (1997) The Jewishness of Israelis. Albany, New York: SUNY.

Louër, Laurence and Michael J. Dwyer (2007) To Be an Arab in Israel. New York: Columbia University Press.

Lowsky-Feder, Edna and Eyal Ben-Ari (eds.) (2000) The Military and Militarism in Israeli Society. Albany, New York: SUNY.

Lustick, Ian (1988) From the Land of the Lord: Jewish Fundamentalism in Israel. New York: Council on Foreign Relations.

Lustick, Ian (1995) Unsettled States, Disputed Lands. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press.

Lustick, Ian S. and Barry Rubin (eds.) (1991) Critical Essays on Israeli Society, Politics and Culture. Albany, New York: SUNY.

Mahler Gregory S. (2011) 2d Ed. Politics and Government in Israel: The Maturation of a Modern State: Rowman & Littlefield.

Maoz, Zeev (2006) Defending the Holy Land: A Critical Analysis of Israel's Security and Foreign Policy (University of Michigan Press).

Mc Mahon, Sean F. (2013) The Discourse of Palestinian-Israeli Relations: Persistent Analytics and Practices: Routledge.

Medding Peter Y. (1990) The Founding of Israeli Democracy 1948-1967. New York: Oxford University Press.

Medding Peter Y (ed.) (1989) Israel: State and Society 1948-1988. New York: Oxford University Press.

Migdal, Joel (2001) Through the Lens of Israel: Explorations of State and Society. Albany, New York: SUNY.

Morris, Benny (1987) The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem 1947-1949. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Mort, Jo-Ann and Ruth Amir (2003) Our Earths Invented a Place: Can the Kibbutzim Survive in Today's Israel? Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

Nimni, Ephraim (ed.) (2003), The Challenge of Post-Zionism. London and New York: Zed Books.

Norell, Magnus (2003) A Dissenting Democracy: The Israeli Movement ‘Peace Now.’”

Frank Cass.

Oren, Michael (2003) Six Days of War: June 1967 and the Making of the Modern Middle East. New York: Oxford University Press.

Oz, Amos (1993) In the Land of Israel. San Diego: Harcourt Brace & Co.

Oz, Amos (1994) Israel, Palestine and Peace: Essays. San Diego: Harcourt Brace & Co.

Oz, Amos and Fania Oz Zalzberger (2012) Jews and Words 2012: Yale University Press.

Peled, Yoav and Gershon Shafir (ed.) (2001) The New Israel: Peacemaking and Liberalization. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press.

Peleg, Ilan ed. (1998) The Middle East Peace Process: Interdisciplinary Perspectives. Albany: SUNY.

Peleg, Ilan and Dov Waxman (2011) Israel's Palestinians: The Conflict Within. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Penslar, Derek (2006) Israel in History: The Jewish State in Comparative Perspective: Routledge.

Peretz, Don and Gideon Doron 3d ed. (1997) The Government and Politics of Israel. Boulder: Westview Press.

Peri, Yoram (2006) Generals in the Cabinet Room: How the Military Shapes Israeli Policy (United States Institute of Peace Press).

Ram, Uri (1995) The Changing Agenda of Israeli Sociology: Theory, Ideology, and Identity. Albany, Mew York: State University of New York Press.

Ram, Uri (2007) The Globalization of Israel: McWorld in Tel Aviv; Jihad in Jerusalem. London and New York: Routledge.

Ras, Yosef (2004) Beyond Flesh: Queer Masculinities and Nationalism in Israeli Cinema Rutgers University Press.

Rebhun, Uzi and Chaim I. Waxman (2004) Jews in Israel: Contemporary Social and Cultural Patterns: Brandeis University Press.

Rejwan, Nissim (1998) Israel's Place in the Middle East: a Pluralist Perspective. Gainesville, Florida: University of Florida Press.

Rejwan, Nissim (1999) Israel in Search of Identity: Reading the Formative Years. Gainesville, Florida: University of Florida Press.

Rivlin, Paul (2010) Israeli Economy from the Foundation of the State through the 21st Century. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Rose, Jacqueline (2005) The Question of Zion (Princeton: Princeton University Press).

Rouhanna, Nadim (1997) Palestinian Citizens in an Ethnic Jewish State: Identities in Conflict. New haven: Yale University Press.

Ross, Dennis (2004) The Missing Peace: The Inside Story of the Fight for Middle East Peace New Yor: Farar, Straus and Giroux.

Sachar, Howard M (1998) Israel and Europe: an Appraisal in History. New York: Vintage Books.

Sachar, Howard M. (2000) A History of Israel: From the Rise of Zionism to Our Time. 2d. ed. New York: Knopf.

Segev, Tom (1986) 1949: The First Israelis. New York: the Free Press.

Segev, Tom (1993) The Seventh Million. New York: Hill and Wang.

Segev, Tom (2007) 1967: Israel, the War, and the Year that Transformed the Middle East. Metropolitan Books.

Segev, Tom et al. (eds.)(2002) The Other Israel: Voices of Refusal and Dissent. New Press.

Senor, Dan and Saul Singer (2009) Start-up Nation: The Story of Israel's Economic Miracle. New York: Twelve.

Shafir, Gershon and Yoav Peled (2002) Being Israeli: The Dynamics of Multiple Citizenship. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Shalev, Michael (1992) Labour and the Political Economy of Israel. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Shamir, Jacob and Khalil Shikaki (2010) Palestinian and Israeli Public Opinion. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Shapira, Anita (2012) Israel: A History: Brandeis University Press.

Shapira, Anita and Derek J. Penslar, eds. (2002) Israeli-Historical Revisionism: From Left to Right: Routledge.

Shavit, Ari (2013) My Promised Land: The Triumph and Tragedy Israel: Random House

Shelef, Nadav G. (2010) Evolving Nationalism: Homeland, Identity and Religion in Israel 1925-2005: Cornell University Press

Sheperd, Robin (2009) A State Beyond the Pale: Europe's Problem with Israel. Weidenfield and Nicholson.

Shindler, Colin (2006) The Triumph of Military Zionism: Nationalism and the Origins of the Israeli Right. London: Palgrave.

Shimoni, Gideon (1995) The Zionist Ideology. Hanover, N.H.: Brandeis University Press.

Shlaim, Avi (1988) Collusion across the Jordan: King Abdullah, the Zionist Movement, and the Partition of Palestine. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Sicker, Martin (1992) Judaism, Nationalism and the Land of Israel. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press.

Silberstein, Laurence J. (1993) Jewish Fundamentalism in Comparative Perspective. New York: New York University Press.

Smith, Charles D. (2001) 4th ed. Palestine and the Arab-Israeli Conflict. New York: St Martin's

Smooha, Sammy (1992) Arabs and Jews in Israel. 2 vol. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press.

Stein, Leslie (2003) The Hope Fulfilled: The Rise of Modern Israel. New York: Praeger, 2003.

Stein, Leslie (2009) The Making of Modern Israel 1948-1967. Polity.

Stein, Rebecca and Ted Swedenburg (2005) eds., Palestine, Israel, and the Politics of Popular Culture. Durham, N.C: Duke University Press.

Swisher, Clayton E. (2004) The Truth about Camp David: The Untold Story About the Collapse of the Middle East Peace Process.  New York: Nation Books.

Tamir, Yael (1993) Liberal Nationalism. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Tal, Alon (2002) Pollution in a Promised Land: An Environmental History of Israel. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Taub, Gadi (2010) The Settlers: And the Struggle Over the Meaning of Zionism. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Telhami, Shibley and Michael Barnett, eds. (2002) Identity and Foreign Policy in the Middle East. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

Tessler, Mark (1994) A History of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Tolan Sandy (2006) The Lemon Tree: An Arab, A Jew, and the Heart of the Middle East. New York: Bloonsbury.

Torstrick, Rebbeca (2000) The Limits of Coexistence: Identity Politics in Israel. Ann Harbor, Michigan: University of Michigan Press.

Tyler, Patrick (2012) Fortress Israel: The Inside Story of the Military Elite Who Run the Country-And Why They Can’t Make Peace: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.

Van Creveld, Martin (2002) The Sword and the Olive: A Critical History of the Israeli Defense Force. Public Affairs.

Walzer, Lee (2000) Between Sodom and Eden: A Gay Journey through Today's Changing Israel. New York: Columbia University Press.

Waxman, Dov (2006) The Pursuit of Peace and the Crisis of Israeli Identity: Defending/Defining the Nation. Palgrave.

Waxman, Haim and Tom Segev (2003) Elvis in Jerusalem: Post Zionism and the Americanization of Israel. Owl Books.

Yakobson, Alexander and Amnon Rubinstein (2008), Israel and the Family of Nations: The Jewish Nation-State and Human Rights. London and New York: Routledge.

Yishai, Yael (1996) Between the Flag and the Banner: Women and Politics in Israel. Albany, New York: SUNY.

Zertal, Idith and Akiva Eldar (2009) Lords of the Land: The War over Israel's Settlements in the Occupied Territories 1967-2007. Philadelphia: Nation Books.


Additional Sources 

Center for Israel Education, "History, Politics and Diplomacy of the Arab-Israeli Conflict." A digital Primary source Compilation.

"Jellyfish:" The Online Resource for Israel Studies, Schusterman Center for Israeli Studies, Brandeis University.


Most Relevant Journals

Ethnic and Racial Studies

History and Memory

International Journal of Middle East Studies

Israel Affairs

Israel Studies

Israel Studies Review

Journal of Israeli History

Journal of Palestine Studies

Middle East Journal

Nationalism and Nations

Palestine-Israel Journal

Philosophy and Social Criticism


The Israel Journal of Foreign Affairs

The Jerusalem Quarterly


Newspapers and Magazines

Haaretz (English Edition, Internet)

Jerusalem Post (Internet)

Jerusalem Report (Internet)

Israel21c (Internet)



Relevant Israeli Films at the Robarts Library



Sallah Shabbati”

Hakayitz Shel Avia”


“Waltz With Bashir”



“The Band’s Visit”


“The Gatekeepers”

“5 Broken Cameras”

“Dancing Arabs”

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